In Gambia wordt net als in Nederland gebruik gemaakt van het gangbare 220-240 volt wisselstroom. Hier kun je zonder problemen je elektrische apparaten op aansluiten. De stroom in Gambia is niet zo vanzelfsprekend als we in Nederland gewend zijn. Met regelmaat valt de stroom voor enkele minuten tot enkele uren uit. Hiervan zal je in de meeste resorts niet veel merken aangezien deze allemaal uitgerust zijn met een aggregaat die na vijf minuten stroomuitval voor stroom zorgt. De stopcontacten zijn niet overal gelijk; het is dus verstandig om een universele reisstekker mee op reis te nemen. Homoseksualiteit, homoseksualiteit is verboden in Gambia. De huidige president heeft zelfs opgeroepen om alle homoseksuelen in het land te onthoofden.
Als drinkwater kun je het beste water in flessen gebruiken. Let hierbij wel altijd goed op waar het water vandaan komt en dat de verzegeling nog intact. Niet al het water in flessen is er even goed van kwaliteit de beste plekken om waterflessen te kopen is in de supermarkt. Lukt dit niet dan zijn er genoeg plaatsen langs de kant van de weg waar er je flesjes kunt kopen. Drugs, het bezitten, verkopen of het binnensmokkelen van drugs is ten strengste verboden. Er staan zware en lange gevangenisstraffen op het bezitten of verhandelen van drugs. Als toerist zijnde heb je grote kans om uit het land gezet te worden als je betrapt wordt met drugs op zak. Ondanks het feit dat het streng verboden is zal je als toerist zijnde toch regelmatig aangesproken worden om drugs te kopen. Dit gaat in de meeste gevallen om softdrugs. Fooi, gambia is een arm land en de mensen verdienen er weinig, gemiddeld ongeveer vijftig euro in de maand.
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Most booked, hotels, most booked, tours, rate This Place: Rated ( votes). Tours you may like, related Pages. Reisdocumenten, om Gambia te kunnen bezoeken moet je in het bezit zijn van een paspoort dat op de dag van vertrek nog minimaal zes maanden geldig. Verder dien je in het vliegtuig een inreisvisum in te vullen. Wil je langer dan achtentwintig isolatie dagen in Gambia verblijven dan die je bij de ambassade van Gambia in België een visum aan te vragen. Tot enkele jaren geleden was het verplicht om een vertrekbelasting van twintig euro te betalen dit is tegenwoordig niet meer het geval. Kraanwater, de kwaliteit van het kraanwater is slecht en zeker niet geschikt als drinkwater. Wel kun je er zonder problemen je tanden mee poetsen en koffie of thee mee zetten mits je het water eerst goed gekookt hebt.
Beste reistijd Gambia bekijk hier Gambia reistijden en tips
21 During World War ii, some soldiers fought with the Allies of World War. Though these soldiers fought mostly in Burma, some died closer to home and a commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery is in Fajara (close to banjul). Banjul contained an airstrip for the us army air Forces and a port of call for Allied naval convoys. After World War ii, the pace of constitutional reform increased. Following general elections in 1962, the United Kingdom granted full internal self-governance in the following year. Post-Independence (1965present) edit The gambia achieved independence on 18 February 1965, as a constitutional monarchy within the commonwealth, with Elizabeth ii as queen of the gambia, represented by the governor-General. Shortly thereafter, the national government held a referendum proposing that the country become a republic.
In 1807, the United Kingdom abolished the slave trade throughout its empire. It also tried, unsuccessfully, to end the slave trade in the gambia. Slave ships intercepted by the royal navy 's West Africa Squadron in the Atlantic were also returned to the gambia, with people who had been slaves released on MacCarthy Island far up the gambia river where they were expected to establish new lives. 20 The British established the military post of Bathurst (now Banjul ) in 1816. Gambia colony and Protectorate (18211965) edit further information: Gambia colony and Protectorate In the ensuing years, banjul was at times under the jurisdiction of the British governor-General in sierra leone.
In 1888, The gambia became a separate colony. An agreement with the French Republic in 1889 established the present boundaries. The gambia became a british Crown colony called British Gambia, divided for administrative purposes into the colony (city of Banjul and the surrounding area) and the protectorate (remainder of the territory). The gambia received its own executive and legislative councils in 1901, and it gradually progressed toward self-government. Slavery was abolished in 1906 citation needed and following a brief conflict between the British colonial forces and indigenous Gambians, British colonial authority was firmly established.
Beste reistijd Gambia
In 1588, the claimant to the portuguese throne, antónio, prior of Crato, sold exclusive trade rights on the gambia river to English merchants. Letters patent from queen Elizabeth I confirmed the grant. In 1618, king James i of England granted a charter to an English company for trade with the gambia and the gold coast (now Ghana ). Between 16, some parts of the gambia were under the rule of the duchy of courland and Semigallia, and were bought by Prince jacob Kettler. During the late 17th century and throughout the 18th century, the British Empire and the French Empire struggled continually for political and commercial supremacy in the regions of the senegal river and the gambia river. The British Empire occupied the gambia when an expedition led by augustus Keppel landed there following the capture of Senegal in 1758.
The 1783 First Treaty of Versailles gave great Britain possession of the gambia river, but the French retained a tiny enclave at Albreda on the river's north bank. This was finally ceded to the United Kingdom in 1856. As many as three million people may have been taken as slaves from this general region during the three centuries that the transatlantic slave trade operated. It is not known how many people were taken as slaves by intertribal wars or Muslim traders before the transatlantic slave trade began. Most of those taken were sold by other Africans to europeans: some were prisoners of intertribal wars; some were victims sold because of unpaid debts; and many others were simply victims of kidnapping. 19 Traders initially sent people to europe to work as servants until the market for labour expanded in the west Indies and North America in the 18th century.
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go back to republic of The gambia. 16 17 History edit main article: History of the grijze gambia arab traders provided the first written accounts of the gambia area in the ninth and tenth centuries. During the tenth century, muslim merchants and scholars established communities in several West African commercial centres. Both groups established trans-Saharan trade routes, leading to a large export trade of local people as slaves, also gold and ivory, as well as imports of manufactured goods. Senegambian stone circles (megaliths) which run from Senegal through the gambia and which are described by unesco as "the largest concentration of stone circles seen anywhere in the world". By the 11th or 12th century, the rulers of kingdoms such as takrur, a monarchy centred on the senegal river just to the north, ancient Ghana and gao had converted to Islam and had appointed to their courts Muslims who were literate in the Arabic. 18 At the beginning of the 14th century, most of what is today called Gambia was part of the mali Empire. The portuguese reached this area by sea in the mid-15th century, and began to dominate overseas trade.
9 10 11 The gambia's economy is dominated by farming, fishing and, especially, tourism. In 2008, about a third of the population lived below the international poverty line of US1.25 per day. 12 Contents Etymology edit The name "Gambia" is derived from the mandinka term Kambra / Kambaa, meaning Gambia river. According to the cia world Factbook, the us department of State, the times Comprehensive atlas of the world and the permanent Committee on geographical Names for British Official Use, the gambia is one of only two countries whose self-standing short name for official use should. 13 Upon independence in 1965, the country used the name The gambia. Following the proclamation of a republic in 1970, the long-form name of the country became republic of The gambia. 14 The administration of Yahya jammeh changed the long-form name to Islamic Republic of The gambia in December 2015. 15 On the new President Adama barrow said the country's name will when?
The gambia shares historical roots with many other West African nations in the slave trade, which was the key factor in the placing and japanese keeping of a colony on the. Gambia river, first by the portuguese, during which era it was known. Later, on, 7, the gambia was made a part of the. British Empire when the government formally assumed control, establishing the Province of Senegambia. In 1965, The gambia gained independence under the leadership. Dawda jawara, who ruled until, yahya jammeh seized power in a bloodless 1994 coup. Adama barrow became The gambia's third president in January 2017, after defeating Jammeh. 8 Jammeh initially accepted the results, then refused to accept them, which triggered a constitutional crisis and military intervention by the Economic Community of West African States, resulting in his exile.
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For the river, see. The gambia ( /ɡæmbiə/ ( listen officially the, republic of the gambia, is a country in, west Africa that is entirely surrounded. Senegal except for its coastline on the. Atlantic Ocean at its western end. It is the smallest country on mainland. 6, the gambia is situated on either side of the. Gambia river, the nation's namesake, which flows through the centre of The gambia and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Its area is 10,689 square kilometres (4,127 sq mi) with a population of 1,857,181 as of the April 2013 census. Banjul is the gambian capital and the largest cities are.